IT’S LGBTQIA+ PRIDE MONTH!
UNFORTUNATELY, PRIDE FESTIVALS AROUND THE COUNTRY WERE CANCELED BECAUSE OF THE COVID-19 VIRUS.
This year I feel we need to look back on the history of the LGBTQIA+ movement and see how far we have come.
- South Africa and Sweden passed same-sex couples adoption rights.
- New York City expanded the definition of “gender” to include protections for transgender and gender nonbinary people in the New York City Human Rights Law.
- Alaska banned discrimination based on sexual orientation in state employment.
- New York banned discrimination based on sexual orientation.
- Belgium legalized same-sex marriage.
- Bulgaria and the United Kingdom banned discrimination based on sexual orientation.
Lawrence v. Texas, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that sodomy laws in the U.S. are unconstitutional.
- Russia ended its ban on gay people serving in the military.
- Arizona, Michigan banned discrimination based on sexual orientation in state employment.
- Kentucky banned discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in state employment.
- New Mexico banned discrimination based on gender identity.
- Pennsylvania banned discrimination based on gender identity in state employment.
- Gene Robinson became the first openly gay bishop in the Episcopal church in the U.S.
- The Committee on Jewish Law and Standards approved a rabbinic ruling that concluded that gender-affirming surgery is permissible as a treatment of gender dysphoria and that a transgender person’s sex status under Jewish law was changed by gender-affirming surgery.
- Luxembourg and New Zealand passed civil unions.
- Germany passed step-parent adoption rights for same-sex couples.
- Australia banned same-sex marriage.
- Portugal banned discrimination base on sexual orientation.
- Constitutional amendments denying same-sex marriage were passed in 11 states.
Massachusetts became the first state in the U.S. to legalize same-sex marriage.
- Maine passed civil unions.
- Indiana added protections for transgender workers in the public sector.
- Louisiana added protections for gays and lesbians that worked in the public sector.
- James McGreevey, then governor of New Jersey, came out as gay, becoming the first openly gay state governor in the United States.
- Canada and Spain legalized same-sex marriage.
- New Zealand legalized civil unions
- Andorra, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, and Slovenia passed a form of civil unions.
- Latvia, Uganda, and Honduras banned same-sex marriage.
California legislators passed a same-sex marriage bill but it is vetoed by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger.
- Kansas and Texas banned same-sex marriage.
- Illinois and Maine banned discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.
- The Roman Catholic Church issued an instruction prohibiting any individuals who “present deep-seated homosexual tendencies or support the so-called ‘gay culture’” from joining the priesthood.
South Africa legalized same-sex marriage.
- The Czech Republic passed domestic partnerships
- Belgium passed adoption rights for same-sex couples
Germany became the first country in the world to ban discrimination on both sexual orientation and gender identity.
- New Zealand added protections for transgender people.
- The New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that state lawmakers must provide the rights and benefits of marriage to gays and lesbians.
- New Jersey and D.C. added gender identity to their nondiscrimination laws.
The United States Senate failed to pass the Federal Marriage Amendment which would have banned same-sex marriage.
- Constitutional amendments banning same-sex marriage were passed in seven more states.
- Attorney and transgender activist Kim Coco Iwamoto was elected to the State Board of Education in Hawaii. She became the first openly transgender person to be elected to a state-level office in the U.S.
- Bernard Lynch became the first Catholic priest in the world to undertake a civil partnership in the Republic of Ireland.
- Hungary and Uruguay passed civil unions.
- New Hampshire passed civil unions.
- Colorado, Iowa, and Oregon banned discrimination on sexual orientation and gender identity.
- Kansas and Ohio banned discrimination in the public sector based on sexual orientation and gender identity.
- Michigan added protections for transgender public workers.
- Vermont added protections for gender identity.
- Logo cable channel hosted the first presidential forum in the United States focusing specifically on LGBTQIA+ issues.
- Theresa Sparks was elected president of the San Francisco Police Commission by a single vote, making her the first openly transgender person ever to be elected president of any San Franciso commission, as well as San Franciso’s highest-ranking openly transgender official.
- Norway legalized same-sex marriage
- Ecuador passed civil unions.
- Uruguay passed adoption rights for same-sex couples.
- Kosovo declared itself to be an independent country with a new constitution that included mention of “sexual orientation,” the first of its kind in Eastern Europe.
The California Supreme Court ruled that same-sex couples have a constitutional right to marry.
In California, voters approved Proposition 8 which made same-sex marriage illegal.
- Connecticut Supreme Court legalized same-sex marriage.
- Arkansas banned same-sex couples right to adopt
- Matthew Mitcham became the first openly gay athlete to win an Olympic gold medal.
- Kate Brown was elected as the Oregon Secretary of State, becoming America’s first openly bisexual statewide officeholder.
- Rachel Maddow became the first openly gay anchor of a major prime-time news program in the U.S. when she began hosting The Rachel Maddow Show on MSNBC.