IT’S LGBTQIA+ PRIDE MONTH!
UNFORTUNATELY, PRIDE FESTIVALS AROUND THE COUNTRY WERE CANCELED BECAUSE OF THE COVID-19 VIRUS.
This year I feel we need to look back on the history of the LGBTQIA+ movement and see how far we have come.
- Sweden became the first country to pass a law banning discrimination based on sexual orientation.
- The first National Coming Out Day was observed on October 11 to celebrate the one-year anniversary of the 2nd National March on Washington.
- 1989: Denmark became the first country to pass domestic partnerships.
The Gay and Lesbian Independent School Teachers Network (GLSTN) was founded.
- Policies restricting the immigration of lesbians and gays to the United States were rescinded.
- 1992: Australia and Canada became the first countries to end their bans on gay people serving in the military.
- Norway passed civil unions
- Belarus, Gibraltar, Ireland, Lithuania, and Russia decriminalized homosexuality.
- New Zealand ended their ban on gay people serving in the military.
- New Zealand passed the Human Rights Amendment Act, banning discrimination based on sexual orientation.
- Minnesota legislature enacted the first statewide law banning discrimination based on gender identity and sexual orientation.
Transgender youth Brandon Teena was raped and murdered in Humboldt, Nebraska.
“Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy for the U.S. Military became the law.
- South Africa banned discrimination based on sexual orientation.
- Bermuda, Serbia, and Australia decriminalized homosexuality.
- Canada grants refugee status to gays fearing for their well-being in their native country.
- The American Medical Association removed homosexuality as an illness.
- Deborah Batts became the first openly gay federal judge.
- Sweden legalized civil unions.
- Albania and Moldova decriminalized homosexuality
- Ed Flanagan became the first openly gay, statewide elected official in the U.S. when he served as Vermont’s State Auditor.
- Iceland passed registered partnerships.
- Hungary passed cohabitation recognition for same-sex couples
- Canada banned discrimination based on sexual orientation.
President Clinton signed the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), denying federal benefits to same-sex spouses, and created an exception to the U.S. Constitution to allow states to disregard same-sex marriages performed in other states.
- A federal appeals court issued the first judicial opinion in U.S. history finding that a public school could be held constitutionally accountable for not stopping antigay abuse.
Romer v. Evans, the Supreme Court struck down Colorado’s Amendment 2, which denied gays and lesbians protections against discrimination.
- Fiji banned discrimination based on sexual orientation in its constitution.
- Ecuador and Venezuela decriminalized homosexuality.
- Belgium passed registered partnerships.
- Ecuador and Ireland banned discrimination based on sexual orientation.
- Bosnia, Herzegovina, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, South Africa, Cyprus, and Tajikistan decriminalized homosexuality.
- Romania and South Africa ended their bans on gay people serving in the military.
- Wisconsin Tammy Baldwin became the first openly gay person to win election to a first-term seat in Congress.
Matthew Shepard was beaten and killed outside Laramie, Wyoming.
- Hawaii voters approved a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage.
- France passed civil unions.
- Chile decriminalized homosexuality.
- Israel’s Supreme Court recognized a lesbian partner as another legal mother of her partner’s biological son.
- South Africa granted spousal immigration benefits to same-sex couples.
- The American Counseling Governing Council adopted a position “opposing ‘reparative therapy’ as a ‘cure’ for individuals who are homosexual.”
- California became the first state to pass a domestic partnership law.
The United Kingdom ended its ban on gay people serving in the military.
- In Germany, the Bundestag officially apologized to the LGBTQIA+ community persecuted under the Nazi regime, and for “harm done to homosexual citizens up to 1969.”
Vermont became the first state in the United States to legally recognize civil unions between same-sex couples.
- Hillary Clinton became the first First Lady to march in an LGBTQIA+ pride parade.
The Netherlands became the first country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage.
- Portugal passed limited partnerships.
- Rhode Island banned discrimination based on gender identity
- Maryland banned discrimination based on sexual orientation.
- Pink Triangle Park was dedicated; it was the first permanent free-standing memorial in America dedicated to the thousands of persecuted homosexuals in Germany during the Holocause of World War II.